SPM Science


Form 4 KBSM

Scientific Investigation

  • Methods in Scientific Investigation
  • Scientific Attitudes and Noble Values

Body Coordination

  • Body Coordination
  • The Human Nervous System
  • The Neurone
  • Nervous Coordination and the Role of Proprioceptors
  • The Human Brain
  • Hormonal Coordination in the Body
  • Coordination between the Nervous System and the Endocrine System
  • The Effects of Drug Abuse and Alcohol on Body Coordination and Health

Heredity and Variation

  • Cell Divisions
  • Principles and Mechanisms of Inheritance
  • Sex Determination and Occurrence of Twins in Human Beings
  • Mutation
  • Variation among Living Things
  • Effects of Genetic Research and the Code of Ethics

Matter and Substance

  • Changes in the State of Matter
  • Structure of Atoms
  • Proton Number and Nucleon Number in Atoms
  • Classification of Elements in the Periodic Table
  • Properties of Substances
  • Properties and Uses of Metals and Non-metals
  • Methods of Purifying Substances
  • The Existence of Various Substances and Their Uses

Energy and Chemical Changes

  • Physical and Chemical Changes
  • Heat Change in Chemical Reactions
  • The Reactivity Series of Metals
  • Application of the Concepts of Reactivity Series of Metals
  • Electrolysis
  • Production of Electrical Energy from Chemical Reactions
  • Light and Chemical Reactions
  • Efficient and Eco-friendly Energy Use

Nuclear Energy

  • Radiation and Radioactive Substances
  • Radioisotopes and Their Uses
  • Production of Nuclear Energy
  • The Need for Proper Handling of Radioactive Substances

Light, Colour and Sight

  • Formation of Images by Plane Mirrors and Lenses
  • Formation of Images by Optical Instruments
  • Light Dispersion and Scattering
  • The Addition and Subtraction of Coloured Lights
  • The Effect of Mixing Pigments
  • Importance of Colour in Daily Life

Chemicals in Industry

  • Alloys
  • Production and Uses of Ammonia
  • Effects of Industrial Waste Disposal on the Environment

Form 5 KBSM

Microorganisms and their Effects on Living Things

  • The Classification of Microorganisms
  • Factors Affecting the Growth of Microorganisms
  • Uses of Microorganisms
  • Harmful Effects of Microorganisms
  • Prevention and Treatment of Infections Caused by Microorganisms

Nutrition and Food Production

  • Human Nutrition
  • Plant Nutrition
  • The Nitrogen Cycle and its Importance

Preservation and Conservation of the Environment

  • Balance In Nature
  • The Sources and Effects of Environmental Pollution
  • Global Warming and the Ozone Layer
  • Preservation and Conservation of the Environment
  • Proper Management of Natural Resources

Carbon Compounds

  • Carbon Compounds
  • Alcohol and its Effects on Health
  • Fats and their Effects on Health
  • Oil Palm and its Importance to National Development
  • The Process of Making Soap from Oil and the Cleansing Action of Soap
  • Monomers and Polymers
  • Understanding Rubber


  • The Motion of Vehicles on Land
  • The Concepts of Speed, Velocity and Acceleration
  • The Concept of Inertia
  • The Concept of Momentum
  • The Concept of Pressure
  • Principles of the Hydraulic System
  • The Motion of Vehicles in Water
  • The Motion of Vehicles in Air
  • Vehicle Design and Use

Food Technology and Production

  • The Methods and Substances Used in Food Technology
  • Improving Food Production
  • Contribution of Technology and the Selection of Processed Food

Synthetic Materials in Industry

  • Synthetic Polymers
  • Plastics

Electronics and Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

  • Radio Waves
  • Radio Communication
  • Satellite Communication and the Importance of Information and Communications Technology