Self-evaluation Promotes Higher Order Thinking Skills


Author: Dolores

Instructional designer
Using computers to evaluate tests and quizzes made our life comfortable – and made us lazy. We see the scores, acknowledge and move on. Students are rarely willing to revise the test, to see their mistakes and reflect on them. One inconvenient consequence of this practice comes after the exam.
“How was it?”
“Great, I answered all the questions.”
A week later:
“How did you score?”
“Well, it is only 53%, I don’t know why. I expected a much  higher result.”
Most students are not aware of their performance, their weakness, and strength. They don’t reflect on their answers, don’t fix their mistakes.
Studies found that students who self-assessed their answers increased the quality of their learning. These students did systematic self-assessment, using criteria and a rubric. A comparison group of students who just “looked over” their work did not improve as much.
Most of the online learning courses just check things without actually connecting the answers with the criteria. It might be suitable for lower-order thinking skills (like remembering), but not for the higher-order thinking skills.
Learning Port has a great emphasis on HOTS questions. Higher-order thinking questions are challenging, open-ended and usually, have more than one solution. In some cases, there is no correct or incorrect answer, but it doesn’ mean that any answer is right. HOTS answers are always evaluated with a criteria system.
In our question bank, the HOTS questions require the students to self-assess using rubrics or checklists. Most students appreciate systematically going through their work, as it creates an extra opportunity to learn and practice higher-order thinking. Self-assessment encompasses all the aspects of HOTS: analysing their answers, evaluating their quality and creating a better version (fixing it).
As the checklist is not checked by a teacher or software, the students have the chance to cheat. However, who will they cheat? Only themselves. Students, who really want to learn, they will be honest, as this is the way for self-improvement.
Self-assessment helps students to become better learners. They will also develop higher-order thinking skills and they become more independent learners.