Science

Contents

Form 1 KBSM

Introduction to Science

  • What is Science?
  • A Science Laboratory
  • Steps in a Scientific Investigation
  • Physical Quantities and their Units
  • Measuring Tools I.
  • Measuring Tools II.
  • Weight and Mass

Cell as a Unit of Life

  • Cells
  • Animal Cells and Plants Cells
  • Unicellular and Multicellular Organisms
  • Cell Organisation

Matter

  • What is Matter?
  • The States of Matter
  • The Concept of Density
  • The Properties of Matter and Application in Everyday Life

The Variety of Resources on Earth

  • The Various Resources on Earth
  • Elements, Compounds and Mixtures
  • Appreciating the Importance of Earth Resources

The Air around Us

  • The Composition of Air
  • The Properties of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide
  • The Role of Oxygen in Respiration
  • Oxygen is needed for Combustion
  • Air Pollution
  • The Importance of Keeping the Air Clean

Sources of Energy

  • The Various Forms and Sources of Energy
  • Energy Change
  • Renewable and Non-renewable Energy Sources

Heat

  • Heat as a Form of Energy
  • The Effects of Heat Flow on Matter I.
  • The Effects of Heat Flow on Matter II.
  • The Effects of Heat on Matter
  • Application of Expansion and Contraction of Matter
  • Absorbing and Giving Out Heat

Form 1 KSSM- Version 1

Introduction to Scientific Investigation

  • Science is a Part of Daily Life
  • A Science Laboratory
  • Physical Quantities and Their units
  • Sensitivity, Precision and Accuracy of Scientific Equipments-I
  • Sensitivity, Precision and Accuracy of Scientific Equipments-II
  • Density
  • Steps in a scientific investigations

Cell as a Basic Unit of Life

  • Cells
  • Unicellular and Multicellular Organisms
  • Cell Respiration and Photosynthesis

Coordination and Responses

  • Homeostasis in Plants and Animals

Reproduction

  • Sexual and Asexual Reproduction
  • Male Reproductive System
  • Female Reproductive System
  • Menstrual Cycle
  • Fertilisation and Pregnancy
  • Importance of Prenatal Care
  • Infertility and Prevention of Pregnancy
  • Sexual Reproductive System of Flowering Plants
  • Pollination
  • Development of Fruits and Seeds in Plants
  • Germination of Seeds

Matter

  • Matter in Nature
  • The Three States of Matter-I
  • The Three States of Matter-II

Periodic Table

  • Classification of Elements
  • Position of Metal, Non-metal and Rare Gas in the Periodic Table
  • Mixtures
  • Compounds-I
  • Compounds-II

Air

  • The Composition of Air
  • The Properties of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide
  • Combustion
  • Air Pollution

Light and Optics

  • Uses of Mirrors
  • Reflection of Light
  • Refraction of Light
  • Dispersion of Light
  • Scattering of Light
  • Addition and Subtraction of Light

Earth

  • System and structure of the Earth-I
  • System and Structure of the Earth-II
  • Composition of the Earth
  • Processes of the Earth
  • Geodisaster Phenomena
  • Age of the Earth
  • Natural Resources and Applied Geology

Form 1 KSSM- Version 2

Introduction to scientific investigation

  • Science is a Part of Daily Life
  • A Science Lab
  • Physical Quantities, Values and S.I Units
  • Sensitivity, Precision and Accuracy of Scientific Equipments-I
  • Sensitivity, Precision and Accuracy of Scientific Equipments-II
  • Density
  • Differences in Density and Innovation of Objects
  • Steps in a Scientific Investigation
  • Scientific Attitudes and Values in Carrying Out Scientific Investigations

Cell as the basic unit of life

  • What is a Cell?
  • Animal Cells and Plants Cells
  • Unicellular and Multicellular Organisms
  • The Formation of an Organism
  • Cell Respiration and Photosynthesis

Coordination and Responses

  • Homeostasis in Humans
  • Homeostasis in Plants

Reproduction

  • Sexual Reproduction
  • Asexual Reproduction
  • The Importance of Reproduction
  • Male Reproductive System
  • Female Reproductive System
  • The Menstrual Cycle and Good Personal Hygiene
  • Fertilisation and Pregnancy
  • The Importance and Functions of the Placenta and the Umbilical Cord
  • Importance of Prenatal Care
  • Infertility and Prevention of Pregnancy
  • Methods of Contraception
  • Sexual Reproductive System of Flowering Plants
  • Pollination
  • Development of Seeds and Fruits in Plants
  • Germination of Seeds

Matter

  • Matter in Nature
  • Physical and Chemical Properties of Matter
  • Classify Materials by their Different Characteristics
  • Three States of Matter
  • Diffusion Rate in Three States of Matter
  • Changes in the State of Matter
  • Temperature and Mass of Matter

Periodic Table

  • Classification of Element
  • Periodic Table
  • Metal and Non-metals
  • Mixtures
  • Methods to Separate Mixtures
  • Formation and Separation of Compounds
  • Physical Change and Chemical Change
  • Differences between Mixtures and Compounds

Air

  • Composition of Air
  • The Importance of Gases
  • Carbon cycle and Oxygen Cycle
  • Combustion
  • Fire Extinguisher and Safety Measures to Prevent the Occurrence of Fire
  • Air Pollution and Sources of Air Pollutants
  • Causes and Effect of Air Pollution

Light and Optics

  • Image Formed by a Plane Mirror, Concave Mirror and Convex Mirror
  • Usage of Plane Mirror, Concave Mirror and Convex Mirror
  • Properties of Light
  • Reflection of Light
  • Refraction of Light
  • Relationship between the Angle of Incidence and Angle of Refraction
  • Dispersion of Light
  • Scattering of Light
  • Addition and Subtraction of Light

Earth

  • The System and Structure of the Earth I.
  • The System and Structure of the Earth II.
  • Rocks
  • Exogenic and Endogenic Processes
  • Geohazard Phenomena
  • Geological Time Scale and Fossils
  • Surface Water and Underground Water
  • Economic Minerals
  • Hydrothermal Process and Negative Effects of Unplanned Human Activities

Form 2 KBSM

The World through Our Senses

  • Sensory Organs
  • Sense of Touch
  • Sense of Smell
  • Sense of Taste
  • Sense of Hearing
  • Sense of Sight
  • Light and Sight-I
  • Light and Sight-II
  • Sound and Hearing-I
  • Sound and Hearing–II
  • Stimuli and Responses in Plants

Nutrition

  • Classes of Food
  • The Importance of a Balanced Diet
  • Human Digestive System-I
  • Human Digestive System-II
  • Absorption of Digested Food
  • Re-absorption of water and Defecation
  • Healthy Eating Habits

Biodiversity

  • Organisms and Their Classification-I
  • Organisms and Their Classification-II

The Inter-dependence among Living Organisms

  • Inter-dependence among Living Organisms
  • Interaction between Living Organisms
  • Food Web
  • Photosynthesis
  • Conservation and Preservation of Living Organisms
  • Role of Humans in Maintaining the Balance of Nature

Water and Solution

  • Physical Characteristics of Water
  • Composition of Water
  • Evaporation of Water
  • Solution and Solubility-I
  • Solution and Solubility-II
  • Acid and Alkali
  • Neutralisation
  • Water Purification
  • Water Supply System
  • Preservation of Water Quality

Air Pressure

  • Air Pressure
  • Application of the Principles of Air Pressure

Dynamics

  • Force
  • Measurement of Force
  • Application of Frictional Force
  • Application of Work
  • Application of Power and the Importance of Forces in Life

Support and Movement

  • Support Systems in Animals
  • Support Systems in Plants

Stability

  • Stability
  • Importance of Stability

Simple Machine

  • Lever
  • The Design of Machines to Simplify Work

Form 2 KSSM

Biodiversity

  • Diversity of Organisms
  • The importance of Biodiversity
  • Effective Biodiversity Management
  • Vertebrates
  • Invertebrates
  • Classification of Plants
  • Constructing a Dichotomous Key
  • Taxonomy Groups

Ecosystem

  • Producers, Consumers and Decomposers
  • Food Chain and Food Web
  • Carbon Cycle and Oxygen Cycle
  • Water Cycle
  • Interferences to the Nutrient Cycle
  • A Balanced Ecosystem
  • The Influence of Temperature, Light and Humidity on the Distribution of Organisms
  • Importance of Adaptation of Living Things to the Environment
  • Interaction between Organisms
  • Biological Control
  • Factors that Influence Population Size in an Ecosystem
  • Changes in the Ecosystem
  • Role of Humans in Maintaining a Balanced Nature

Nutrition

  • Classes of Food I.
  • Classes of Food II.
  • Food Tests
  • Importance of a Balanced Diet
  • Factors that Influence Calorific Requirement
  • Calorific Value of Food
  • Planning a Balanced Diet
  • The Importance of Maintaining Health
  • Obesity among School Children and Ways to Overcome
  • Human Digestive System
  • The Structure of the Human Digestive System
  • The Flow of Food in the Digestive Tract
  • The Action of Enzyme in Saliva on Starch
  • Process of Absorption and Transportation of Digested Food
  • The Absorption of Glucose through a Visking Tube
  • Process of Transporting the Products of Digestion
  • Defecation

Human Health

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Non-infectious Diseases
  • How are Infectious Diseases Spread?
  • How Do Vectors Spread Diseases?
  • The Mechanism to Prevent the Spread of Infectious Diseases
  • Function of Body Defence
  • Antigens, Antibodies and Immunity
  • Importance of Immunisation
  • Passive Immunity and Active Immunity
  • Strong Immune System
  • The Importance of immunisation and health level of Individuals

Water and Solution

  • Physical Characteristics of Water
  • Composition of Water
  • The Composition of Elements in a Water Molecule
  • Effects of Impurities on the Melting Point and Boiling Point of Water
  • The Factors Affecting the Rate of Evaporation of Water
  • Applications of Evaporation of Water in Daily Life
  • Solute, Solvent and Solution
  • Solution and Suspension
  • The Factors Affecting the rate of Solubility
  • Colloids
  • Water as a Universal Solvent
  • Organic Solvent and Their Uses in Daily Life
  • Water Purification Method
  • Solving the Problems of Water Supply System
  • Water Supply System
  • Water Sustainability

Acids and Alkalis

  • Properties of Acids and Alkalis
  • The Role of Water in Showing the Properties of Acids and Alkalis
  • Acidic and Alkaline Substances
  • Strength of Acids and Alkalis
  • Uses of Acids and Alkalis in Daily Life
  • Neutralisation
  • Applications of Neutralisation in Daily Life

Electricity and Magnetism

  • Forms and Sources of Energy
  • Electrostatic Charges
  • Examples of Electrostatic in Our Daily Life
  • Solving Daily Life Problems Involving Electrostatic
  • Electric Current
  • Measuring the Quantity of Electricity
  • The Relationship between Current, Voltage and Resistance
  • Electrical Circuit Components
  • Current, Voltage and Resistance in a Series Circuit
  • Current, Voltage and Resistance in a Series Circuit
  • Electrical Wiring in Homes
  • Properties of a Magnet
  • Electromagnets
  • The Factors that Influence the Strength of the Magnetic Field
  • Applications of Magnets and Electromagnets in Daily Life

Force and Motion

  • Types of Force
  • Characteristics of Force
  • Measurement of Force
  • Forces in Equilibrium
  • Action-Reaction Pair
  • Effects of Force
  • Buoyant Force
  • The Effect of Density on Buoyant Force
  • Classification of Levers
  • The Moment of Force
  • The Relationship between Surface Area and Pressure
  • Applications of Pressure in Daily Life
  • Air Pressure
  • The Factors that Affect Air Pressure
  • Application of the Concept of Air Pressure in Daily Life
  • Effects of Depth on Liquid Pressure

Heat

  • Heat and Temperature
  • Heat Flow and Thermal Equilibrium
  • Heat Flow in Natural Phenomena
  • Heat Conductors and Heat Insulators
  • Expansion and Contraction of Matter
  • The Uses of Expansion and Contraction of Matter in Daily Life
  • Absorption of Heat
  • Radiation of Heat
  • Heat Concept in Daily Life

Sound Waves

  • Characteristics of Sound Waves
  • Sound can be Reflected and Absorbed
  • Transfer of Sound
  • Reflection and Absorption of Sound
  • Frequency and Amplitude
  • Pitch and Loudness of Sound
  • Doppler Effect
  • Application of Reflection of Sound Waves
  • Limitations of Hearing and Ways to Overcome

Stars and Galaxies in the Universe

  • Galaxies
  • The Life Cycle of Stars
  • Relative Size of Earth to the Universe
  • Characteristics of Stars

Solar System

  • Comparison of Planet Distances in the Solar System from the Sun
  • Planets in the Solar System
  • The Relationship between Temperature of a Planet and Distance from the Sun
  • The Relationship between Density and Gravitational Pull of the Planets
  • The Relationship between Distance, Time and Speed
  • Rotational Direction of the Planets
  • Hypothetical Situation related to the Solar System
  • The Earth as a Planet for Living Things
  • Love Our Earth

Meteoroid, Asteroid, Comet

  • Meteoroids, Asteroids and Comets
  • Movement of Meteoroids, Asteroids and Comets
  • Protecting the Earth from Asteroid Impacts

Form 3 KBSM

Respiration

  • Human Breathing Mechanism
  • Transport of Oxygen in the Human Body
  • The Importance of a Healthy Respiratory System

Blood Circulation and Transport

  • The Transport System in Humans I.
  • The Transport System in Humans II.
  • Human Blood
  • The Transport System in Plants I.
  • The Transport System in Plants-II

Excretion

  • Human Excretion
  • The Human Urinary System
  • Excretion in Plants

Reproduction

  • Sexual and Asexual Reproduction
  • Male Reproductive System
  • Female Reproduction System
  • Menstrual Cycle
  • Fertilisation and Pregnancy
  • Importance of Prenatal Care
  • Importance of Research in Human Reproduction
  • Sexual Reproductive System of Flowering Plants
  • Pollination
  • Development of Fruits and Seeds in Plants
  • Germination of Seeds
  • Vegetative Reproduction in Flowering Plants

Growth

  • Pattern of Human Growth

Land and its Resources

  • Minerals in the Earth's Crust
  • Reactions between Metals and Non-Metals
  • Silicon Compounds
  • Calcium Compounds
  • Natural Fuel Resources

Electricity

  • Understanding Electrostatics
  • Understanding Electricity
  • Measuring Electricity
  • The Relationship between Current, Voltage and Resistance
  • Electric Circuits
  • Current, Voltage and Resistance in a Series Circuit
  • Current, Voltage and Resistance in a Parallel Circuit
  • Magnetism
  • Electromagnetism

Generation of Electricity

  • The Generation of Electrical Energy
  • Transformers
  • Electrical Power Transmission and Distribution System
  • Electrical Power Supply and Wiring System in Homes
  • Cost of Electrical Energy Usage
  • Fuse and Earth Wire
  • Safety Precautions in the Use of Electrical Energy
  • Conserving Electrical Energy

Stars and Galaxies

  • The Sun
  • Stars and Galaxies in the Universe I.
  • Stars and Galaxies in the Universe-II.
  • Existence of the Universe

Space Exploration

  • Development in Astronomy and Space Exploration