# Mathematics

Contents

### Form 1 (New Syllabus - KSSM)

#### Numbers - Rational Numbers

• Integers
• Addition and Subtraction of Integers
• Multiplication and Division of Integers
• Combined Operations on Integers
• Introduction to Laws of Arithmetic
• Applications of Laws of Arithmetic
• Positive and Negative Fractions
• Positive and Negative Decimals
• Rational Numbers

#### Numbers - Factors and Multiples

• Factors, Prime Factors and Highest Common Factor (HCF)
• Multiples, Common Multiples and Lowest Common Multiple

#### Numbers - Squares, Square Roots, Cubes and Cube Roots Squares

• Squares
• Square Roots
• Cubes of Numbers
• Cube Roots
• Computations Involving Squares, Square Roots, Cubes and Cube Roots

#### Numbers - Ratios, Rates and Proportions

• Ratios
• Rates
• Proportions
• Ratios, Rates and Proportions
• Relationship between Ratios, Rates and Proportions, with Percentages, Fractions and Decimals

#### Algebra - Algebra Expressions

• Variables and Algebraic Expression
• Terms and Coefficients in an Expression
• Addition and Subtraction Two or More Algebraic Expression
• Multiplication and Division of Algebraic Expression with One Term

#### Algebra - Linear Equations

• Linear Equations in One Variable
• Linear Equations in Two Variable
• Simultaneous Linear Equations in Two Variables

#### Algebra - Linear Inequalities

• Inequalities
• The Properties of Inequalities
• Linear Inequalities in One Variable
• Solve Simultaneous Linear Inequalities in One Variable

#### Geometry - Lines and Angles

• Lines and Angles
• Complementary Angles, Supplementary Angles and Conjugate Angles
• Constructing Line Segments, Parallel Lines and Perpendicular Lines
• Constructing Angles and Angle Bisectors
• Angles related to Intersecting Lines
• Angles related to parallel Lines and Transversal
• Angles of Elevation and Angles of Depression

#### Geometry - Basic Polygons

• Polygons
• Properties of triangles and the Interior and Exterior Angles of Triangles
• Properties of Quadrilaterals and the Interior and Exterior Angles of Quadrilaterals

#### Measurements - Perimeter and Area

• Perimeter
• Area of Triangles, Parallelograms, Kites and Trapeziums
• Relationship between Perimeter and Area

#### Sets - Introduction of Sets

• Concept of Sets
• Symbols and Equal Sets
• Universal Set, Complement of a Set and Venn Diagram
• Subsets

#### Statistics - Data Handling

• Data and Frequency
• Bar Chart, Pie Chart and Line Graph
• Dot Plot and the Stem-and-Leaf Plot
• Converting Data Presentation
• Statistical Practice and Ethics

#### Geometry - The Pythagoras' Theorem

• Pythagoras' Theorem
• The Converse of Pythagoras' Theorem

### Mathematics Form 1 (Old Syllabus - KBSM)

#### Numbers - Whole Numbers

• Understanding Whole Numbers
• Addition and Subtraction of Whole Numbers
• Multiplication and Division of Whole Numbers
• Combined Operations of Whole Numbers

#### Numbers - Number Patterns and Sequences

• Number Patterns and Sequences
• Odd, Even and Prime Numbers
• Factors of Whole Numbers
• Common Factors and HCF of Whole Numbers

#### Numbers - Numbers

• Multiples and LCM of Whole Numbers

#### Numbers - Fractions

• Fractions
• Comparing, Arranging and Simplifying
• Fractions
• Mixed Numbers, Proper Fractions and Improper Fractions
• Addition and Subtraction of Fractions
• Multiplication of Fractions
• Division of Fractions
• Mixed Operations on Fractions

#### Numbers - Decimals

• Decimals and Fractions
• Place Value and Value of Digit
• Addition and Subtraction of Decimals
• Multiplication and Division of Decimals
• Combined Operations of Decimals

#### Numbers - Percentages

• Percentages
• Percentage of Increase or Decrease
• Solving Problems Involving Percentages

#### Numbers - Integers

• Integers
• Addition and Subtraction of Integers

#### Algebra - Algebraic Expressions I

• Algebraic Expressions

#### Measurements - Basic Measurements

• Length
• Mass
• Time
• The 12-hour and 24-hour Systems

#### Geometry - Linear Equations

• Angles
• Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
• Intersecting Lines

• Polygons
• Symmetry
• Triangles

#### Measurements - Perimeter and Area

• Understand the Concept of Perimeter to Solve Problems
• Area of Rectangles
• Area of Triangles, Parallelograms, Kites and Trapeziums
• Solve Problems Related to Perimeter and Area

#### Geometry - Solid Geometry

• Cubes and Cuboids
• Volumes of Cuboids

### Form 2 (Old Syllabus - KBSM)

#### Numbers - Directed Numbers

• Combined Operations on Integers
• Extend the Concept of Integers to Fractions
• Extend the Concept of Integers to Decimals
• Perform Computations Involving Directed Numbers (Integers, Fractions and Decimals)

#### Numbers - Squares, Square Roots, Cubes and Cube Roots

• Squares of Numbers
• Perfect Squares and Solving Problems on Squares of Numbers
• Square Roots
• Calculating Square Roots
• Cubes of Numbers
• Cube Roots
• Computations Involving Squares, Square Roots, Cubes and Cube Roots

#### Algebra - Algebraic Expressions II

• Unknowns and Coefficients in Algebraic Terms
• Multiplication and Division of Algebraic Terms
• Algebraic Expressions
• Simplifying and Evaluating Algebraic Expressions
• Algebraic Computations

#### Algebra - Linear Equations

• Equality
• Linear Equations in One Unknown
• Solving Linear Equations in One Unknown
• Problems Involving Linear Equations

#### Numbers - Rations, Rates and Proportions I

• Ratio of Two Quantities
• Proportion
• Ratios and Proportions
• Ratio of Three Quantities

#### Geometry - Pythagoras' Theorem

• Pythagoras' Theorem
• The Converse of Pythagoras' Theorem

#### Geometry - Geometrical Constructions

• Constructing Line Segments
• Constructing Perpendiculars
• Constructing Angles and Angle Bisectors
• Construct Triangles, Parallel Lines and Parallelograms

#### Algebra - Coordinates

• Coordinate System
• Scales of the Coordinate Axes
• Distance between Two Points on a Cartesian Plane
• Midpoint

#### Geometry - Loci in Two Dimensions

• Two-Dimensional Loci
• Constructing the Locus
• Intersection of Two Loci

#### Geometry - Circles

• Parts of a Circle
• Drawing a Circle and Parts of a Circle
• Circumference of a Circle
• Problems Involving Circumference of Circles
• Arc of a Circle
• Area of a Circle
• Area of Sector

#### Geometry - Transformations I

• Transformations
• Translations
• Reflections
• Rotations I
• Rotations II
• Isometry and Congruency
• Properties of Quadrilaterals Using Reflections and Rotations

#### Geometry - Solid Geometry II

• Properties of Geometric Solids
• Nets of Geometric Solids
• Surface Area of Geometric Solids
• Problems Involving Surface Areas

#### Geometry - Statistics I

• Data and Frequency
• Pictograms and Line Graphs
• Bar Charts

### Form 3 (Old Syllabus - KBSM)

#### Geometry - Lines and Angles II

• Properties of Angles Associated with Transversal and Parallel Lines
• Problem Solving involving Angles Associated with Transversals

#### Geometry - Polygons II

• Regular Polygons
• Angles in a Polygon

#### Geometry - Circles II

• Properties of Angles in Circles

#### Statistics - Statistics II

• Pie Charts
• Mode, Median and Mean

#### Algebra - Indices

• Indices
• Negative Indices, Fractional Indices
• Laws of Indices

#### Algebra - Algebraic Expressions III

• Expanding Brackets
• Factorization
• Algebraic Expressions
• Algebraic Fractions

#### Algebra - Algebraic Formulae

• Variables and Constants
• Algebraic Formulae

#### Geometry - Solid Geometry III

• Circular Cylinders and Right Prisms
• Right Pyramids and Right Circular Cones
• Spheres and Composite Solids
• Scale Drawings
• Problem Solving Involving Scale Drawings

#### Geometry - Transformations II

• Similarity
• Finding the Unknown Sides of Similar Figures
• Enlargement I
• Enlargement II
• Area of an Object and Image of an Enlargement

#### Algebra - Linear Equations II

• Concepts of Linear Equations in Two Variables
• Simultaneous Linear Equations in Two Variables

#### Algebra - Linear Inequalities

• Inequalities
• Linear Inequalities in One Unknown
• Computations of Linear Inequalities
• Linear Inequalities in One Variable
• Simultaneous Linear Inequalities in One Variable

#### Algebra - Graph of Functions

• Functions
• Graphs of Functions

#### Numbers - Rations, Rates and Proportions II

• Rate
• Speed and Average Speed
• Acceleration

#### Trigonometry - Trigonometry

• Sine, Cosine and Tangent of an Acute Angle
• The Values of Sine, Cosine and Tangent
• Problem Solving Involving Trigonometric Ratios