Chemistry

Form 4

Chapter 1 - Introduction to Chemistry

  • 1.1.1 Chemistry and Its Branches
  • 1.1.2 Chemicals Used in Daily Life
  • 1.1.3 Chemistry Related Careers
  • 1.1.4 Scientific Method

Chapter 2 - The Structure of Atoms

  • 2.1.1 The Particulate Nature of Matter
  • 2.1.2 The Kinetic Theory of Matter
  • 2.1.3 Diffusion
  • 2.1.4 Changes in the State of Matters
  • 2.2.1 Development of the Atomic Model
  • 2.2.2 Proton Number and Nucleon Number
  • 2.2.3 Symbols of Elements
  • 2.3.1 Properties and Uses of Isotopes
  • 2.4.1 The Electronic Sturcture of an Atom and Valence electrons

Chapter 3 - Chemical Formulae and Equations

  • 3.1.1 Relative Atomic Mass and Relative Molecular Mass
  • 3.2.1 The Mole and the Number of Particles
  • 3.2.2 The Mole and The Mass of Substance
  • 3.2.3 The Mole and the Volume of a Gas
  • 3.3.1 Chemical Formula
  • 3.3.2 Naming Chemical Systematically
  • 3.4.1 Writing Balanced Chemical Equations
  • 3.4.2 Stoichometry Problems Involving Chemical Equations
  • 3.4.3 Stoichometry Involving Limiting Reagents
  • 3.7.1 Practising Scientific Attitudes and Values
  • 3.7.2 Use of Chemical Nomenclature

Chapter 4 - Periodic Table of Elements

  • 4.1.1 Historical Development of Periodic Table
  • 4.1.2 Groups and Periods in Periodic Table
  • 4.2.1 Group 18 elements
  • 4.3.1 Group 1 Elements - General and Physical Properties
  • 4.3.2 Group 1 Elements - Chemical Properties
  • 4.4.1 Group 17 Elements - Physical Properties
  • 4.4.2 Group 17 Elements - Chemical Properties
  • 4.4.3 Prediction of Properties for Group 17 and Safety Precautions for Handling Group 17 Elements
  • 4.5.1 Changes in Properties Across Period 3
  • 4.5.2 Properties and Uses of Metalloids (Semi Metals)
  • 4.6.1 Transition Elements
  • 4.7.1 Appreciating the Existence of Elements and Their Compounds

Chapter 5 - Chemical Bonds

  • 5.1.1 Formation of Chemical Bonds
  • 5.2.1 Formation of Ionic Bonds
  • 5.3.1 Formation of Covalent Bonds
  • 5.4.1 Properties of Ionic and Covalent Compounds

Chapter 6 - Electrochemistry

  • 6.1.1 Understanding Properties of Electrolyte and Non-electrolyte
  • 6.2.1 Electrolysis, Electrolytic Cell and Ions in Molten Compounds
  • 6.2.2 Writing Half Equations for Electrolysis
  • 6.3.1 Electrolysis of Aqueous Solutions
  • 6.3.2 Electrolysis in Aqueous Solutions Selective Discharge of Ions
  • 6.3.3 Predicting The Products Of Electrolysis Of Aqueous Solutions
  • 6.4.1 Electrolysis in Industry: Extraction and Purification
  • 6.4.2 Electrolysis in IndustrY: Electroplating
  • 6.5.1 Voltaic Cells and The Production of Electrical Energy
  • 6.5.2 Types of Voltaic Cells and Comparison with Electrolytic Cells
  • 6.6.1 The Electrochemical Series
  • 6.6.2 Predicting the Metal Displacement Reactions
  • 6.7.1 Handling Chemicals Used in the Electrochemical Industry

Chapter 7 - Acids and Bases

  • 7.1.1 Definitions, Properties and Uses of Acids and Bases
  • 7.1.2 Chemical Reactions of Acids
  • 7.1.3 Chemical Reactions of Alkalis
  • 7.2.1 pH dan its Relationship to Acidity dan Alkalinity
  • 7.2.2 Strong and Weak Acids and Bases
  • 7.3.1 Molarity and its Relationship to pH
  • 7.3.2 Preparing Standard Solutions
  • 7.3.2 Preparing Standard Solutions
  • 7.4.1 Neutralisation and its Application in Daily Life
  • 7.4.2 Acid Base Titration

Chapter 8 - Salts

  • 8.1.1 Salts and Their Uses
  • 8.1.2 Preparation and Purification of Soluble Salts
  • 8.1.3 Preparation and Purification of Insoluble Salts
  • 8.1.4 Stoichiometry of Precipitation Reactions
  • 8.2.1 Qualitative Analysis of Salts - Test for Anions and Gases
  • 8.2.2 Qualitative Analysis of Salts - Tests for Cations - Part 1
  • 8.2.3 Qualitative Analysis of Salts - Test for Cations - Part 2
  • 8.2.4 Qualitative Analysis of Two Unknown Salts

Chapter 9 - Manufactured Substances in Industry

  • 9.1.1 Manufacture, Uses and Effects of Sulphuric Acid on the Environment
  • 9.2.1 Properties, Manufacture and Uses of Ammonia
  • 9.3.1 Alloys
  • 9.4.1 Introduction to Polymers
  • 9.4.2 Synthetic Polymers
  • 9.5.1 Properties and Uses of Glass and Ceramics
  • 9.6.1 Properties and Uses of Composite Materials

Form 5

Chapter 1 - Rate of Reaction

  • 10.1.1 The Rate of Reaction
  • 10.1.2 Measuring the Rate of Reaction
  • 10.2.1 Factors affecting Rate of Reactions - Particle Size
  • 10.2.2 Factors affecting Rate of Reactions - Concentration
  • 10.2.3 Factors affecting Rate of Reactions - Temperature
  • 10.2.4 Factors affecting Rate of Reactions - Catalyst and Pressure
  • 10.3.1 Collision Theory

Chapter 2 - Carbon Compounds

  • 11.1.1 Introduction to Carbon Compounds
  • 11.1.2 Hydrocarbons
  • 11.2.1 Introduction to Alkanes
  • 11.2.2 Structural Formula of Alkanes
  • 11.2.3 Physical Properties of Alkanes
  • 11.2.4 Chemical Properties of Alkanes
  • 11.3.1 Introduction to Alkenes
  • 11.3.2 Structure Formula of Alkenes
  • 11.3.3 Physical Properties of Alkenes
  • 11.3.4 Chemical Properties of Alkenes
  • 11.3.5 Comparing Alkanes and Alkenes
  • 11.4.1 Alcohols - IUPAC Naming Convention, Isomers of Propanol and Butanol
  • 11.4.2 Industrial Production of Ethanol from Alkenes and Starch
  • 11.4.3 Ethanol - Chemical Properties
  • 11.4.4 Ethanol- Physical Properties
  • 11.5.1 Carboxylic Acids-Naming Convention, Preparation and Uses
  • 11.5.2 Carboxylic Acid-Physical and Chemical Properties
  • 11.6.1 Esters - Naming Convention, Preparation and Uses
  • 11.6.2 Esters-Physical and Chemical Properties
  • 11.7.1 Homologous Series
  • 11.7.2 Isomerism in Alkanes and Alkenes
  • 11.8.1 Carbohydrates and Proteins
  • 11.8.2 Fats and Oils
  • 11.8.3 Saturated and Unsaturated Fats
  • 11.9.1 Industrial Extraction and Uses of Palm Oil
  • 11.9.2 Natural Rubber

Chapter 3 - Oxidation and Reduction

  • 12.1.1 Definition of Redox Reactions - Part 1
  • 12.1.2 Definition of Redox Reactions - Part 2
  • 12.1.3 Type of Redox Reactions-Changing iron(II) ions to iron(III) ions and vice versa
  • 12.1.4 Transfer of electrons at a distance using reducing and oxidising agents
  • 12.2.1 Rusting of Iron and Methods of Rust Prevention
  • 12.3.1 Properties of Metals
  • 12.3.2 Reactivity Series of Metals - Part 1
  • 12.3.3 Reactivity Series of Metals - Part 2
  • 12.4.1 Extraction of Metals
  • 12.4.2 Extraction of Iron
  • 12.4.3 Extraction of Tin
  • 12.4.4 Uses of Metals
  • 12.5.1 Redox Reactions in Electrolytic and Chemical Cells

Chapter 4 - Thermochemistry

  • 13.1.1 Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions Based on Their Energy Changes
  • 13.2.1 Heat of Precipitation and Calculation
  • 13.2.2 Heat of Displacement and Calculations
  • 13.2.3 Heat of Neutralisation and Calculation
  • 13.2.4 Heat of Combustion and Calculation
  • 13.3.1 The Existence of Various Types of Energy

Chapter 5 - Chemicals for Consumers

  • 14.1.1 Soaps
  • 14.1.2 Detergents
  • 14.1.3 The Advantages and Disadvantages of Soaps and Detergents
  • 14.2.1 Food Preservatives, Antioxidants and Flavourinh Agents
  • 14.2.2 Food Preservatives and Their Effect to the Health and Environment
  • 14.3.1 Traditional and Modern Medicines
  • 14.3.2 Side Effects of Medicines

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