Chemistry

Contents

Form 4

Chapter 1 - Introduction to Chemistry

  • Chemistry and Its Branches
  • Chemicals Used in Daily Life
  • Chemistry Related Careers
  • Scientific Method

Chapter 2 - The Structure of Atoms

  • The Particulate Nature of Matter
  • The Kinetic Theory of Matter
  • Diffusion
  • Changes in the State of Matters
  • Development of the Atomic Model
  • Proton Number and Nucleon Number
  • Symbols of Elements
  • Properties and Uses of Isotopes
  • The Electronic Sturcture of an Atom and Valence electrons

Chapter 3 - Chemical Formulae and Equations

  • Relative Atomic Mass and Relative Molecular Mass
  • The Mole and the Number of Particles
  • The Mole and The Mass of Substance
  • The Mole and the Volume of a Gas
  • Chemical Formula
  • Naming Chemical Systematically
  • Writing Balanced Chemical Equations
  • Stoichometry Problems Involving Chemical Equations
  • Stoichometry Involving Limiting Reagents
  • Practising Scientific Attitudes and Values
  • Use of Chemical Nomenclature

Chapter 4 - Periodic Table of Elements

  • Historical Development of Periodic Table
  • Groups and Periods in Periodic Table
  • Group 18 elements
  • Group 1 Elements - General and Physical Properties
  • Group 1 Elements - Chemical Properties
  • Group 17 Elements - Physical Properties
  • Group 17 Elements - Chemical Properties
  • Prediction of Properties for Group 17 and Safety Precautions for Handling Group 17 Elements
  • Changes in Properties Across Period 3
  • Properties and Uses of Metalloids (Semi Metals)
  • Transition Elements
  • Appreciating the Existence of Elements and Their Compounds

Chapter 5 - Chemical Bonds

  • Formation of Chemical Bonds
  • Formation of Ionic Bonds
  • Formation of Covalent Bonds
  • Properties of Ionic and Covalent Compounds

Chapter 6 - Electrochemistry

  • Understanding Properties of Electrolyte and Non-electrolyte
  • Electrolysis, Electrolytic Cell and Ions in Molten Compounds
  • Writing Half Equations for Electrolysis
  • Electrolysis of Aqueous Solutions
  • Electrolysis in Aqueous Solutions Selective Discharge of Ions
  • Predicting The Products Of Electrolysis Of Aqueous Solutions
  • Electrolysis in Industry: Extraction and Purification
  • Electrolysis in IndustrY: Electroplating
  • Voltaic Cells and The Production of Electrical Energy
  • Types of Voltaic Cells and Comparison with Electrolytic Cells
  • The Electrochemical Series
  • Predicting the Metal Displacement Reactions
  • Handling Chemicals Used in the Electrochemical Industry

Chapter 7 - Acids and Bases

  • Definitions, Properties and Uses of Acids and Bases
  • Chemical Reactions of Acids
  • Chemical Reactions of Alkalis
  • pH and its Relationship to Acidity and Alkalinity
  • Strong and Weak Acids and Bases
  • Molarity and its Relationship to pH
  • Preparing Standard Solutions
  • Neutralisation and its Application in Daily Life
  • Acid Base Titration

Chapter 8 - Salts

  • Salts and Their Uses
  • Preparation and Purification of Soluble Salts
  • Preparation and Purification of Insoluble Salts
  • Stoichiometry of Precipitation Reactions
  • Qualitative Analysis of Salts - Test for Anions and Gases
  • Qualitative Analysis of Salts - Tests for Cations - Part 1
  • Qualitative Analysis of Salts - Test for Cations - Part 2
  • Qualitative Analysis of Two Unknown Salts

Chapter 9 - Manufactured Substances in Industry

  • Manufacture, Uses and Effects of Sulphuric Acid on the Environment
  • Properties, Manufacture and Uses of Ammonia
  • Alloys
  • Introduction to Polymers
  • Synthetic Polymers
  • Properties and Uses of Glass and Ceramics
  • Properties and Uses of Composite Materials

Form 5

Chapter 1 - Rate of Reaction

  • The Rate of Reaction
  • Measuring the Rate of Reaction
  • Factors affecting Rate of Reactions - Particle Size
  • Factors affecting Rate of Reactions - Concentration
  • Factors affecting Rate of Reactions - Temperature
  • Factors affecting Rate of Reactions - Catalyst and Pressure
  • Collision Theory

Chapter 2 - Carbon Compounds

  • Introduction to Carbon Compounds
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Introduction to Alkanes
  • Structural Formula of Alkanes
  • Physical Properties of Alkanes
  • Chemical Properties of Alkanes
  • Introduction to Alkenes
  • Structure Formula of Alkenes
  • Physical Properties of Alkenes
  • Chemical Properties of Alkenes
  • Comparing Alkanes and Alkenes
  • Alcohols - IUPAC Naming Convention, Isomers of Propanol and Butanol
  • Industrial Production of Ethanol from Alkenes and Starch
  • Ethanol - Chemical Properties
  • Ethanol- Physical Properties
  • Carboxylic Acids-Naming Convention, Preparation and Uses
  • Carboxylic Acid-Physical and Chemical Properties
  • Esters - Naming Convention, Preparation and Uses
  • Esters-Physical and Chemical Properties
  • Homologous Series
  • Isomerism in Alkanes and Alkenes
  • Carbohydrates and Proteins
  • Fats and Oils
  • Saturated and Unsaturated Fats
  • Industrial Extraction and Uses of Palm Oil
  • Natural Rubber

Chapter 3 - Oxidation and Reduction

  • Definition of Redox Reactions - Part 1
  • Definition of Redox Reactions - Part 2
  • Type of Redox Reactions-Changing iron(II) ions to iron(III) ions and vice versa
  • Transfer of electrons at a distance using reducing and oxidising agents
  • Rusting of Iron and Methods of Rust Prevention
  • Properties of Metals
  • Reactivity Series of Metals - Part 1
  • Reactivity Series of Metals - Part 2
  • Extraction of Metals
  • Extraction of Iron
  • Extraction of Tin
  • Uses of Metals
  • Redox Reactions in Electrolytic and Chemical Cells

Chapter 4 - Thermochemistry

  • Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions Based on Their Energy Changes
  • Heat of Precipitation and Calculation
  • Heat of Displacement and Calculations
  • Heat of Neutralisation and Calculation
  • Heat of Combustion and Calculation
  • The Existence of Various Types of Energy

Chapter 5 - Chemicals for Consumers

  • Soaps
  • Detergents
  • The Advantages and Disadvantages of Soaps and Detergents
  • Food Preservatives, Antioxidants and Flavourinh Agents
  • Food Preservatives and Their Effect to the Health and Environment
  • Traditional and Modern Medicines
  • Side Effects of Medicines